Oceania

Australia

In 1770, James Cook sailed the eastern coast of Australia and claimed it for Great Britain

The eastern coast of Australia was known as New South Wales

The western coast of Australia was first called New Holland, then Swan River Colony, and later Western Australia

Penal Colonies were established from 1788 – 1868 in various parts of Australia

New South Wales began encouraging immigration around 1835 by paying bounties to skilled tradesmen and laborers

In the 1830’s and 1840’s many immigrated from Ireland during the potato famine

In 1850’s Australian gold rush spurred immigration

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New Zealand

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